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Fossil Energy Transition: Hot Topic at COP28

Alongside financial issues, the transition from fossil energy is also a hot topic at COP28 this year. On the day dedicated to energy discussions, significant strides in phasing out fossil fuels were propelled during negotiations.

Advancements in Phasing Out Fossil Fuels

Within the energy discussions at COP28, the transition from fossil energy has garnered attention and witnessed substantial progress in negotiations. This not only poses challenges regarding financial matters but also demonstrates the comprehensive commitment of the international community to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and shift towards renewable energy sources.

Key Achievements for Vietnam at COP28

Mr. Dao Xuan Lai, Head of the Climate Change, Environment, and Energy Unit of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), has praised Vietnam’s achievements at COP28. By the end of December 3rd, the country had secured four main outcomes, notably the plan to mobilize $15.5 billion in resources over the next 3-5 years.


Vietnam, along with the IPG partner group, including the European Union, the United States, Japan, and various other nations, endorsed this plan to address urgent needs and support equitable energy transition. Particularly noteworthy is the commitment to mobilize funds with attractive loan conditions, supporting private entities through investment channels.

Challenges and Efforts in Fossil Energy Transition

Participating countries in COP28 are deliberating on the timing and methods to cease the use of fossil fuels. Debates between developed and rapidly developing nations are intensifying, reflecting diverse perspectives on a fair and reasonable transition.

Developed countries, especially major greenhouse gas emitters, urge developing nations to swiftly transition to renewable energy. Conversely, developing nations propose timeframes and financial support for a sustainable transition.

COP28 President Sultan al-Jaber emphasizes the significance of an ambitious agreement on fossil energy transition. He asserts that achieving this agreement is crucial to realizing the goals of the Paris Agreement on climate change, specifically limiting the global average temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.


COP28 Negotiation Policies on Fossil Energy Transition

Timing for Complete Fossil Fuel Phase-Out

Countries are debating whether to set a common target for the complete cessation of fossil fuel use or let each nation decide its own timeline.

Methods for Ending Fossil Fuel Use

Discussions revolve around financial and technical support measures for developing countries transitioning to renewable energy. Solutions must be fair and responsible, ensuring that all nations have the opportunity to participate in this transition.

Role of Fossil Fuel Producing and Exporting Countries

Countries producing and exporting fossil fuels need to ensure their active and responsible participation in the transition process. This poses challenges for policy and international cooperation.

EMTEK Turning Ideas into Reality

EMTEK, with a mission to contribute to a sustainable future, has undergone an impressive journey from initial ideas to realization. In the challenging global landscape, EMTEK has not only stood firm but has also thrived in providing sustainable energy solutions and contributing to Vietnam’s development.


COP28 marks a significant step in the global race to transition from fossil energy. Achieving agreements with specific commitments from Vietnam opens up new opportunities and challenges. Meanwhile, EMTEK serves as an example of businesses’ commitment to promoting a green and sustainable future.